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Definition of Neurological Surgery

Neurological surgery constitutes a medical discipline and surgical specialty that provides care for adult and pediatric patients in the treatment of pain or pathological processes that may modify the function or activity of the central nervous system. For example: (brain, hypophysis and spinal cord), the peripheral nervous system (cranial, spinal and peripheral nerves), the autonomic nervous system, the supporting structures of these systems (meninges, skull and skull base and vertebral column) and their vascular supply (intracranial, extracranial and spinal vasculature).

Treatment encompasses both non-operative management (prevention, diagnosis – including image interpretation – and treatments such as, but not limited to neurocritical intensive care and rehabilitation) and operative management with its associated image use and interpretation (endovascular surgery, functional and restorative surgery, stereotactic radiosurgery and spinal fusion) including its instrumentation.

The broad aim of The American Board of Neurological Surgery is to encourage the study, improve the practice, elevate the standards and advance the science of neurological surgery and thereby to serve the cause of public health.